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Nigerian Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project

Nigerian Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project

Nigerian Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project

The Nigeria Deep Decarnization Pathways Project (DPP) is part of  an “umbrella” collaboration between French Development Agency (AFD) and The Foundation Institut du développement durable et des relations internationales (IDDRI), with an overarching aim to mobilize and build the capacities of African researchers to produce robust  analyses of the country-specific low-emission and policy relevant development scenarios and strategies. The Centre of Climate Change and Development at Alex Ekwueme Federal University is coordinating the Nigeria project. As part of the effort to realise the objective of the project we are:

  • Conducting an active engagement strategy towards domestic actors to contribute to the debate on public policies and project evaluation in the light of the low-emission objective
  • Organizing a community of practice among Nigerian institutions to facilitate knowledge sharing
  • Undertaking the outreach of results towards international audience

The Nigeria’s DPP project is the first of its kind in West Africa.  The project builds on a scoping mission organized in Abuja on August 27-28 by IDDRI in the context of a National Stakeholders’ Workshop co-hosted by the Nigerian Federal Ministry of the Environment and the 2050 Pathways Platform.

Nigeria’s First Biennial Update Report (BUR1) to the UNFCCC, which covers emissions for the period 2000-2015, shows that Nigeria emitted in 2014 around 492 MtCO2e, which represented about 1% of the world total.  The Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) of Nigeria considers emission reductions by 2030 compared to a business as usual (BAU) scenario in which emissions would grow by 114% reaching about 900 MtCO2. The unconditional NDC considers notably improving energy efficiency by 20%, providing 13 GW of renewable electricity to rural communities that are currently not connected to the electric power grid, and ending the flaring of gas. This would lead to a 20% reduction compared to BAU, corresponding to a roughly 70% increase between 2015 and 2030. Higher emission reduction is considered in the conditional NDC, in which international support would notably allow increasing energy efficiency and significantly reducing the use of generators. This would lead to a 45% reduction of GHG emissions in 2030 compared to BAU, or 18% increase from 2015 levels.

These reductions would be the result of actions in five sectors:

  • Energy; with key pillars around (decentralized) renewable energy, development of power stations and improving the electricity grid, enforced energy efficiency and shift from liquid fuels to natural gas in usages
  • Oil and Gas; with key pillars around gas flaring restrictions, development of Gas-to-Power Plants at Gas Flare Sites and biofuels for Transportation.
  • Agriculture and Land Use; with key pillars around climate Smart Agriculture, stop using charcoal and reforestation
  • Industry; with key strategy around benchmarking against international best practice for industrial energy usage and adoption of green technology
  • Transport; with key strategy being modal shift from air to high speed rail and from automobiles to buses, moving freight to rail, upgrading roads and managing urban transit

The measures considered in NDC are an important step towards ambitious emission reductions and provide a good basis for envisaging national low emission strategies. This project will consider these five sectors as starting point for provides a policy relevant basis for the assessment of Nigerian long-term low-emission development strategies. In addition, the implications of a number of cross-cutting issues such as economic growth patterns, demographic changes and the COVID-19 pandemic will be scrutinized in-depth to consider their possible impact in with regards to long-term low-emission development pathways that are truly compatible with the Paris Agreement.



  • Iniobong Abiola-Awe (Mrs.)




  • Edeh Chioma Felistas Amudi

Principal Scientific Officer,

Mitigation Division – NDC

Department of Climate Change, Federal Ministry of Environment, Green Building Maitama Abuja- Nigeria

Tel: +234 8164626925


  • Dr Peter Tarfa


Department of Climate Change


  • Joy Agene, PhD

Natural Resources Mgmt. Spec.

Environment & Natural Resources

T  5359+260/+12023206809/+2348180000849



S   Iganya-chuby

  • Guillaume de Kerdrel

Deputy Head of Mission

Embassy of France in Nigeria

  • Sylvain Naulin

Political officer

Embassy of France in Nigeria 




Agenda of the Breakout session on modelling and research in the National workshop on long-term strategies for low emission development – Abuja, 27 August 2019

14h – 14h05 : Welcome and quick roundtable of introduction

14h05 – 15h : The Deep Decarbonisation Pathways (DDP) project

14h05 – 14h15: Introduction to the DDP – Henri Waisman (Iddri)

  • Presentation of the rationale, approach, methodology of the DDP
  • Connection to policy processes
  • Examples from past DDP exercises

14h15 – 14h30: Prospects for a DDP exercise in Nigeria – Chuks Okereke (International Center for Climate Change and Development. Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Ikwo, Ebonyi State)

  • Objectives of the project
  • First sketch for organization and tentative ballpark timeline
  • Scientific approach and perspectives for collaborations

14h30 – 15h : Q&A

15 h – 16h30 : The Nigerian context : emissions, development and modelling  

The session is organized in 15 minutes slots, each divided in 10 min presentation and 5 min Q&A

15h – 15h15: The building/domestic sector – Fedelis Abam (Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike)

15h15 – 15h30: The transport sector – Ogheneruona Diemuodeke (University of Port Harcourt)

15h30 – 15h45: The agriculture sector – Zelda Elum (University of Port Harcourt)

15h45 – 16h: Bioenergy utilization – Cosmas Anyanwu (University of Nigeria Nsukka)

16h – 16h15: The industry sector – Henry Njoku (Federal University of Technology Owerri)

16h15 – 16h30: Policy – Chuks Okereke (International Center for Climate Change and Development. Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Ikwo, Ebonyi State)

16h30 – 17h: Wrap-up and next steps