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Nigeria launches Long Term Low Emission Development Strategy at COP28

Nigeria has achieved what looks like another major milestone in her effort to achieve a net zero carbon economy by 2060 by launching its Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy on Friday, December 1, 2023, at COP28 in Dubai, UAE.

The event, which was graced by dignitaries and delegates from different countries around the world, was held at the African Pavilion in the Blue Zone and was moderated by Professor Chukwumerije Okereke, Director of the Centre for Climate Change and Development, AEFUNAI, and Dr Eugene Itua, Executive Director of the Natural Eco Capital, the organisation that coordinated and led the development of the LT-LEDS, which was started under the supervision of the Department of Climate Change, Federal Ministry of the Environment, and concluded under the auspices of the National Council on Climate Change (NCCC).

Director General of the NCCC, Dr Salisu Dahiru, who was temporarily represented by Ms Halima- Bwa-Bari, stated that Nigeria was proud to launch the LT-LEDS, which is guaranteed to support sustainable development and climate resilient economy for the nation.

Minister for Aviation and Aerospace, Festus Keyamo (SAN), who represented the Minister for Environment, Balarabe Abbas Lawal, said that the LTS was an important milestone in Nigeria’s effort to implement the country’s net-zero pledge made at COP26 in Glasgow. He said that Nigeria was committed to pursue the transition from a fossil fuel dependent economy to a low carbon future in keeping with the global trend and the Paris Agreement and urged international development partners to support the implementation of the LT-LEDS.

Global Director of the NDC Partnership, Mr. Pablo Vieria, said that Nigeria should be very proud of accomplishment. He stated that by developing the LTS, Nigeria is joining a distinguished group of countries that are exhibiting leadership in developing a clear strategy to decarbonise their economies in response to global climate change. He urged the country to take the next step in adopting the LT-LEDS and pledged the NDC Partnership’s cooperation in this regard.

Head Climate and Nature at the French Development Agency (AFD), Ms Mathide Bord-Laurans, congratulated Nigeria on launching the LT-LEDS. She said that AFD was delighted to have provided support to the Centre for Climate Change and Development, Alex Ekwueme Federal University under the Nigeria Deep Decarbonisation Project (DDP), which enabled the Centre to lead the creation of scenarios and the modelling work that went into the development of the LT-LEDS. She pledged that the Bank would stand firmly by Nigeria and support investments that are geared towards the implementation of the LT-LEDS.

Mr. Richard Baron, Executive Director of the 2050 Pathways Platform, expressed his joy at having assisted Nigeria in the design of the LT-LEDS and the precursor document, the Long-Term Vision (LTV 2050) which was also developed by Natural Eco Capital for Nigeria and submitted to the UNFCCC in 2021, served as the initial first step to the LT-LEDS.

He stated that the LT-LEDS was developed in collaboration with a wide spectrum of stakeholders, making it a truly national document of which Nigeria could be proud.

He expressed his delight that the modelling work for the LT-LEDS was done by Nigerian academics at the CCCD-AEFUNAI, led by Professor Chukwumerije Okereke, and praised the collaboration between the Nigeria Deep Decarbonisation Project, the 2050 Pathways, the National Council on Climate Change, and Natural Eco Capital, with Dr Eugene Itua as the National Coordinator, which resulted in the creation of a high-quality document.

In his closing remarks, the Director General of the NCCC, who had now arrived at the event in person, stated that while the launch of the LT-LEDS was a significant milestone, he would like to see all hands on deck to ensure that the document does not sit on the shelf but that the many projects identified in the documents are translated into practical investment. He stated that the two important next steps are the creation of an LT-LEDS Implementation Plan and the mobilisation of capital from domestic and internal sources to implement the LT-LEDS.

Miss Chioma Amudi, Desk Officer at the NCCC, noted that translating the LT-LEDS into investments would require finance, effective stakeholder engagement, and adequate institutions, among other key factors.

Terseer Ugbor, Deputy Chairman, House Committee on Environment of the Federal House of Representatives, pledged the support of the national parliament in implementing the LT-LEDS.

By Gboyega Olurufemi, Senior Climate Change Analyst and Fellow at the Centre for Climate Change and Development, Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike, Nigeria

First published in environewsnigeria.com

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Participants of International Visitors Leadership Program Awardee Inspire Enugu State Students to Plant Trees

In a remarkable initiative to promote environmental consciousness among young minds, piloted by Prof. Chukwumerije Okereke of the Center for Climate Change and Development, participants of the International Visitors Leadership Program (IVLP) Awardee embarked on a mission to various schools across Enugu State. Their goal? To educate and engage students in the importance of tree planting while imparting practical knowledge on the most efficient and effective methods of tree planting.

The event was inaugurated with great enthusiasm by the Honourable Commissioner for Education of Enugu State, Prof. Ndubueze L. Mbah, at New Layout Secondary School, Enugu. Prof. Mbah’s presence marked the official commencement of this impactful program, setting a tone of significance for the entire community.

Students from New Layout Secondary School, as well as several other schools, were provided with hands-on training in tree planting, ensuring that they not only understand the theoretical aspects but also gain practical experience. Under the expert coordination of Hon. Basil Ojengwa and Mr. Elochukwu Anieze, the IVLP Awardees guided the students in planting numerous trees within their school premises, thereby contributing to a greener and healthier environment for generations to come.

The IVLP participants, hailing from various countries, shared their expertise and knowledge about the pivotal role trees play in mitigating climate change, preserving biodiversity, and enhancing the overall quality of life. Through interactive sessions, they engaged the students in discussions about the significance of trees and the urgency of taking action to protect the environment.

The program extended its reach to other schools, including Community Secondary School, Akwuke-Garriki, and Community Secondary School, Umuchigbo, Enugu. This widespread effort ensured that a larger segment of Enugu State’s youth was inspired and educated on the importance of tree planting.

The initiative received overwhelming support from the local community, educational institutions, and government officials, reflecting a collective commitment to sustainable environmental practices. It serves as a shining example of how international collaboration and knowledge exchange can drive positive change at the grassroots level.

The impact of this educational program is expected to be far-reaching, as these young students are now equipped with both the knowledge and practical skills to become environmental stewards in their communities. The seeds of change have been planted, and Enugu State’s future looks greener and more sustainable than ever.

As the IVLP participants continue their mission to foster environmental awareness, their efforts, professionally coordinated by Hon. Basil Ojengwa and Mr. Elochukwu Anieze, are a testament to the power of education and community engagement in building a more sustainable and environmentally conscious world.

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Call For Application

Prof Chukwumerije Okereke in partnership with Society for Planet Prosperity, Center for Climate Change and Development AE-FUNAI and Eco-Cyclers is implementing the International Visitors Leadership Program Impact Award Project (IVLP) project funded by the United States Department of State.

The aim of the project is to create awareness about the problems of air pollution, deforestation, and climate change in the city of Enugu, and also empower young intended climate advocates to become more skilled and effective campaigners for climate action.

The project intends train young climate leaders on the topic of urban air pollution and the contribution of urban space greening in addressing the challenges of climate change and air pollution in cities.

Part of the training will include taking air quality measurements with the young leaders to paint a real-life picture of the air quality situation in the city.

The training will be accompanied by tree planting activities in the city of Enugu and a visit to three secondary schools in Enugu by the young leaders to raise awareness on climate change and air pollution as well as the role of tree planting in urban spaces in addressing the challenges.

To apply kindly click on the link: https://bit.ly/3O9mGvN

Prof. Chukwumerije

Govt requires clear policies to achieve 50% emission reduction by 2050 – Okereke

Leed, Nigeria, Deep Decarbonisation Pathways (DDP) project, Prof Chukwumerije Okereke, says that Nigeria requires clear, quantifiable policies to achieve 50 per cent emission reduction by 2050.

Okereke said this in an interview on the sidelines of a webinar on Nigeria’s Long–Term Low Emission Development Strategy (LT-LEDS), monitored in Lagos.

The theme of the webinar is “Understanding Nigeria’s Long- Term Vision 2050 (LTV 2050) and the Elaboration of the Long-Term Low Emissions Development Strategy (LT-LEDS)”.

Okereke said that the LT-LEDS were strategies used by countries all over the world to plan how they can achieve economic development thereby reducing emissions across all sectors of the economy.

According to him, the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), talks about emission reduction up on to 2030.

“Generally, the LT-LEDS thinks about emission reduction up on to 2050.

“The Nigerian Government wanted to do an LT-LEDS, but because they did not have the modeling tools and capabilities and because of the brevity of time, decided to do a Long Term Vision (LTV).

“The LTV describes the future whereby 2050/2060, Nigeria will be a circular economy, well developed and will have a robust climate resilience systems, where emissions will be very low, down by 50 per cent,” he said.

He said that the LE-LEDS provides a clearly defined; quantifiable, measureable, analytically robust and rigorous pathway through which the LTV could be achieved in 2050.

Speaking on ways to key into the vision of the LTV, Okereke said that climate change affects everyone and people could play a part in all sorts of different ways.

“If you recycle waste, if you reuse, if you plant trees, if you use solar panels, if you walk instead of driving; all of these things are ways of minimising the generation of emissions by individuals.

“If you switch off your generators when you don’t need them, practice organic farming; they all reduce wastes and emissions, so these are the things that individuals can do.

“The other things individuals can do is in terms of their eating pattern, because a lot of emissions come from cows; so people who eat vegetarian diets tend also to reduce their carbon footprint,” Okereke said.

He said that large scale emissions come from industrial deforestation, gas flaring, haulage, shipping, aviation and transportation.

Okereke said that the task before the government was to come up with robust policies and implement them to help individuals to always take action to reduce their emissions.

According to him,  the job of the LT-LEDS is to show what kind of actions, policies and investments that government and individuals can make to reduce emissions.

“Part of the problems with the country is that we throw policies around without costing them; they don’t have a good understanding of the economics of the policies.

“The environmental, economic and social benefits of those policies should be quantified.

“The LT-LEDS have to quantify some of these policies and show in a clear way how these actions and measures can be taken to achieve our ambitious target of net zero emissions by 2050,” Okereke said.

On the position of Nigeria as an oil producing country vis-à-vis its vision at decarbonisation and net zero emissions, Okereke said that Nigeria is in a difficult condition as it relates to climate change.

He said that Nigeria, as an oil dependent state earns about 85-87 per cent of its foreign exchange from oil.

He said that with the global transitioning to green growth, many countries are making efforts to wean themselves out of oil

“This means that long-term future value of oil may crash and Nigeria may cease to gain less from the extraction and sale of oil.

“At the same time, Nigeria is very vulnerable to climate change, so it needs to act quickly to build economic resilience.

“If more nations move away from oil as we envisage and rigorous ambitious climate policies are enacted across the nations, that is going to be catastrophic for Nigeria because of the dwindling resources and massive unemployment that will result,” Okereke said.

The professor said that Nigeria has a comparative advantage in wind and solar resources which the country can annex to its advantage.

He said that to annex renewable energy, the country requires the political will and the right caliber of people to make it happen.

“What is required is the 5Ps, People, Policy, Plan, Platform and Politics, without this, you just talk and talk and nothing happens,” Okereke said.

Earlier, Dr Salisu Dahiru, the Director-General, National Climate Change Commission, commended Okereke for his presentation.

Dahiru also expressed gratitude to President Mohammadu Buhari for his wisdom in resuscitating the Act and believing in the ability of the commission to deliver on its mandate.

By Fabian Ekeruche

….first published in Environews

Society for Planet Prosperity

Group Seeks Experts’ Opinion On Top 10 Net Zero Measures In Nigeria

The Society for Planet Prosperity is seeking expert input and opinion on the top 10 net zero measures for Nigeria and their sustainable development co-benefits.

The top ten measures to net-zero project is aimed at identifying 10 key steps and decisions that if taken in the next 5 years will enable Nigeria to meet the government’s 2060 net zero objective while also supporting the sustainable development of the country.

The project involves going through all the policy documents the country has produced in the last 10 years, including the NDCs, the Energy Transition Plan, the Mid-term Development Plan, the Long-term Vision, and the National Recovery Plan and identify several interesting measures that can help Nigeria, achieve its Long-term Climate goals.

The specific aim is to map 10 key steps and decisions that if taken in the next 5 years will underpin a socio-economic transformation required to enable Nigeria to meet the government’s 2060 net zero objective. The project presents these steps and decisions in a format that is accessible to a wider public through communication materials that can stimulate and inform a wider public debate.

The outputs are intended to support Nigerian stakeholders including policy makers, businesses, civil society organizations, and international development partners and crucially the general public, in moving this important issue out of the confines of expert debate and furthering societal debate about climate choices, regardless of people’s political perspective.

In view of this, we are seeking expert input for our questionnaire on the top net zero measures for Nigeria and their sustainable development co-benefits. Kindly fill this 5-minute questionnaire on or before Friday the 12th of August if you’re an expert in the following sectors:

Agriculture, Forestry and Land Use (AFOLU)

Industry and Housing

Oil and Gas

Power

Transport

Waste

Water

Click this link to fill the questionnaire: https://forms.gle/qhFJwuVDGzdQi5Az7

Recall that the top 10 net zero measures project was launched recently in Abuja followed by stakeholders’ engagement which attracted different key and relevant stakeholders in seven identified sectors relevant to the project.

The Top 10 measures for Nigeria to reach net zero project is funded by the European Climate Foundation (ECF) and is being implemented by Society for Planet Prosperity over 10 months.