Prof. Chukwumereije

Ekwueme varsity centre’s reports seek to enhance Nigeria’s NDCs revision

The Centre for Climate Change and Development Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu Alike Ikwo (CCCD AE-FUNAI), Ebonyi State, has published several reports that are related to the revision of the Nigeria Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).

The reports, which are outputs from the ongoing project by the Centre titled “Promoting Public Engagement with Nigerian NDC Revision and Climate Action” in collaboration with the World Resources Institute (WRI), covered the following topics:

  • Analysis of the Adaptation components that could be included in Nigeria’s revised NDCs.
  • Options for promoting climate-smart Agriculture in the new NDCs in Nigeria.
  • An assessment of Nigeria’s implementation of its original nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and implementations for the revised version.
  • Energy scenarios for Nigerians nationally determined contributions (NDCs) revision
  • Strengthening the role of the private sector in meeting Nigeria’s NDCs targets.
  • Legal perspectives to raising ambition and implementing the nationally determined contributions (NDCs) in Nigeria.

The reports were commissioned to increase public awareness of, and engagement with, Nigeria’s climate change plan to help in the ongoing revision process of Nigeria NDCs, which will be due for submission later this year (2021).

The report on Analysis of the Adaptation Components that could be included in Nigeria’s Revised NDCs shows that a review of the adaptation section of Nigeria’s NDC indicates that the range of sectors it includes as climate priorities are narrow, according to the director of CCCD AE-FUNAI, Prof Chukwumerije Okereke.

According to him, yhey do not cover enough sectors that could upscale the ability of the country to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development sustainably.

The report on Options for promoting Climate-smart Agriculture in the new NDCs in Nigeria explained that the new NDC must be ambitious and comprehensive and contribute to the global goal of limiting temperature rise to below 2degrees Celsius (20C). Nigeria’s agriculture, forestry, and other land-use sectors play a prominent role in its economic development and food security.

Prof Okereke noted that the sector is highly vulnerable to climate change due to insignificant dependence on rain-fed conditions and is dominated by smallholder farmers with limited adaptive capacity.

On the Assessment of Nigeria’s implementation of its original NDCs and implications for the revised version, the scholars argued that the Paris Agreement and the NDC tools remain a turning point in the country’s efforts to achieve mitigation and reach adaptation milestones to curb the monster called climate change.

They stressed that a detailed and result oriented delivery of activities in the NDC implementation index for Nigeria and the consequent monitoring and tracking of efforts would go a long way towards positioning the country on the path towards a low-carbon and resourceful-efficient trajectory.

The report on Energy Scenario for Nigerian’s NDCs Revisions listed the various gaps in the existing NDCs to include: circumvention subsisting energy-related policies, lumped energy efficiency pathways, over-concentration on solar PV, neglect of the residential sector, neglect of advanced emissions control technology, and neglect off-grid renewable energy utilisation.

In the paper on Strengthening the Role of the Private Sector in meeting Nigeria’s NDCs targets, the authors said that the awareness about the Paris Agreement, climate change, and the NDC is still low. They identified some of the factors responsible for the poor participation of the sector in Nigeria’s NDC to include the low capacity to transform NDCs implementation plans into investment-ready projects, low support to create pilot projects that demonstrate new investment schemes to accelerate adaptation and mitigation actions, low awareness of the Paris Agreement, climate change and NDC – a significant barrier to moving forward with concrete climate action, low capacities to develop appropriate financial proposals or requests for funding assistance from different sources and the specific sectors identified in the NDC.

Also inclusive is a lack of a supportive investment environment with clear and transparent regulations and well-designed policy incentives for the private sector to contribute to financing climate actions. This is said to have hampered the support to create pilot projects that demonstrate new investment schemes to accelerate adaptation and mitigation actions.

In the paper on Legal Perspective to raising ambition and implementing the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in Nigeria, the scholars noted that Nigeria currently does not have any legislation that directly addresses climate action in Nigeria. Although there are some legislative instruments with climate co-benefits, the main instrument guiding climate change action in Nigeria is a policy instrument that Nigeria climate change policy response and strategy (NCCPRS) adopted in 2012.

Addressing climate policies however important are not enforceable and cannot take the place of legislation, added the scholars, pointing out that the Climate Change Bill, 2019 has undergone the legislative process several times but has not received presidential assent and had therefore not been passed into law.

The reports were written by national and international experts and are intended to complement the revision of the NDCs that is being organised by the Federal Government.

Prof Okereke said he is delighted that the Centre has made a substantial contribution to the revision of the NDCs and hopes that the government and wider stakeholders will find these reports useful.

“Each of these reports focused on the critical sectors in the NDCs revision and the Paris Agreement which Nigeria is a party. The various topics were analysed and solutions proffered; if the government can utilise the solutions and suggestions of these erudite scholars it will help Nigeria to achieve its NDCs targets and meet up with the Paris Agreement.

“Many of these reports were subject to extensive stakeholder consultation and webinars held from last year (2020) to this year,” Okereke submitted.

The working papers can be downloaded here: https://cccd.funai.edu.ng/final-papers-from-the-ndc-project/

Culled from Environews under the article

Prof. Emmanuel Oladipo

Reminder: INVITATION TO PARTICIPATE IN Webinar on Adaptation and Climate Smart Agriculture in the new Nigeria’s NDC

Development and climate experts and policy makers in adaptation and smart agriculture sector from Nigeria and across the world will gather in a virtual event to discuss how adaption and smart agriculture could be properly integrated in the presently revised Nigeria’s NDC and climate action.

In the webinar, experts will explore ways in which the private sector could play more active and “meaningful” roles in the design and implementation of African NDCs and climate action more broadly.  Panellist will also explore the barriers against greater involvement of the private sector in climate change action as well as the implication of climate change to the private sector.

The webinar entitled “Adaptation and Smart Agriculture in the new Nigeria’s NDC”, is being organised by the Centre for Climate Change and Development (CCCD), Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike Ikwo (AEFUNAI), Ebonyi State, in partnership with World Resources Institute (WRI) Washington DC. It will hold on Thursday, May 20th, 2021 at 4pm to 5.30pm West African Time (WAT).

The webinar is part of a project aimed at injecting independent critical analysis into, and increasing public engagement and awareness, in the revision process of Nigeria’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) due for submission later this year.

Please join us on this important webinar to discuss the findings by leading national experts.

We look forward to seeing you.

To join the webinar, click on this link https://bit.ly/3vUGEzF (Participation is free but registration is required)

Date: Thursday, 20th May, 2021

Time: 4:00 pm – 5.30 pm WAT

 The webinar will feature Dr. Robert Onyeneke, of the Department of Agriculture, AE-FUNAI, Prof. Emmanuel Oladipo, of the Department of Geography, University of Lagos, and Professor Daniel Gwary, Director, Centre for Arid Zone Studies, University of Maiduguri as panelists and discussant while Professor Chukwumerije Okereke, Director, CCCD AEFUNAI, is the host and facilitator.

Please feel free to share among your networks and contacts.

Prof. Emmanuel Oladipo

CCCD Alex-Ekwueme Varsity Convenes Webinar on Adaptation and Climate Smart Agriculture in the new Nigeria’s NDC

By Chinedu Jude Nwasum (Communication Officer, CCCD AEFUNAI)

Development and climate experts and policy makers in from Nigeria and across the world will gather in a virtual event to discuss how adaption and climate smart agriculture could be properly integrated in revised Nigeria’s  Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) which is due to be published before the middle of the year.

The webinar entitled “Adaptation and Smart Agriculture in the new Nigeria’s NDC”, is being organised by the Centre for Climate Change and Development (CCCD), Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike Ikwo (AEFUNAI), Ebonyi State, in partnership with World Resources Institute (WRI) Washington DC. It will hold on Thursday, May 20th, 2021 at 4pm to 5.30pm West African Time (WAT).

The webinar is part of a project aimed at injecting independent critical analysis into, and increasing public engagement and awareness, in the revision process of Nigeria’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) due for submission later this year.

Professor Emmanuel Oladipo

The aim of the webinar, according to the Director of the Centre, Professor Chukwumerije Okereke, is for experts across the world to explore different ways in which adaptation and smart agriculture could be properly and effectively integrated and captured in the new Nigeria’s NDC and climate action broadly.

Commenting on the forthcoming webinar, the Director, CCCD AEFUNAI, Professor Chukwumerije says: I am looking forward to hosting experts to discuss different ways Nigeria could work harder to provide clearer costing of adaptation measures, current spend on adaptation as well as financing gaps and opportunities as well as help in determining, prioritizing and tracking climate smart agricultural interventions across the country “In assembling these highly respected and experienced panelists within Nigeria to share their thoughts on how adaptation and smart agriculture can be effectively captured in the new Nigeria’s NDCs, CCCD AEFUNAI is delivering on its mandate to serve as a major think tank for facilitating research, awareness creation and advocacy meaningful engagement of private sector and other critical stakeholders in the ongoing revision of the NDC in Nigeria. Also recommendations from the webinar would be documented and submitted to relevant government agencies for actions and implementations.

According to Professor Okereke, “The main presentation will draw from “Adaptation and Climate Smart Agriculture in the new Nigeria’s NDCs”, a commissioned short analytical piece by the Center for Climate Change and Development as part of the project on providing independent critical analysis and input into the revision process of Nigeria’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) which is due for submission later this year.

The webinar will feature Dr. Robert Onyeneke, of the Department of Agriculture, AE-FUNAI, Prof. Emmanuel Oladipo, of the Department of Geography, University of Lagos, and Professor Daniel Gwary, Director, Centre for Arid Zone Studies, University of Maiduguri as panelists and discussant while Professor Chukwumerije Okereke, Director, CCCD AEFUNAI, is the host and facilitator.

The webinar is part of the webinar series under “Promoting critical analysis of, and stakeholders’ engagement with the revision of Nigeria’s NDC,” a project being undertaken by the CCCD AEFUNAI, with support from the WRI.

The one-year initiative that commenced from July 2020 will, according to Project Coordinator, Professor Okereke, help to widen the horizon of the discourse and compliment the current government led NDC revision process.

Why CCCD joined consortium to guide COP26 ambitious outcomes, by Okereke

As the world prepares for the 26th Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) scheduled to hold in Glasgow, United Kingdom in November 2021, a team of eggheads has convened to discuss, identify and guide ambitious outcomes at the global summit.

Allied for Climate Transformation by 2025 (ACT2025), as the group is known, is a consortium of vulnerable country voices and thought leaders aiming to secure a just and ambitious outcome at COP26.

At a virtual media session held recently to profile the new consortium, the leaders introduced the initiative and explored numerous areas of relevance and intervention.

Coordinated by the World Resources Institute (WRI), the project partners include Centre for Climate Change and Development at Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike (CCCD-AEFUNAI) (Nigeria), International Centre for Climate Change and Development (Bangladesh), PowerShift Africa (Kenya), Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (Belize), Transforma (Latin America), and Manila Observatory (Philippines).

Director, CCCD-AEFUNAI, Prof. Chukwumerije Okereke, while speaking on “Adaptation”, shed some light of what informed the Centre’s decision to be a part of the initiative.

His words: “The Centre for Climate Change and Development at Alex Ekwueme Federal University is a research think-tank devoted to driving innovative research, learning and policy and practice in climate change, sustainable development, and green economy, focusing on Nigeria and Africa.

“The Centre is immensely proud to be part of ACT2025 and we very strongly identify with the goal of the consortium which is primarily to help foster collaboration and a renewed sense of solidarity and trust that is required to drive climate ambition with a specific focus on the UNFCCC negotiations.

“A key attraction for us at the Centre in joining the consortium is because ACT2025 has an explicit commitment to help amplify the voice of the vulnerable communities and countries in climate negotiations, but also to ensure that the outcome of these negotiation is fair, just and equitable.

“This is for us so critical because, as many of us know, these vulnerable communities and countries are the ones that bear the greatest brunt of the impact of climate change when they have contributed the least to causing the problem.

“Adaptation and mitigation are increasingly seen by the UNFCCC as being of importance in global response to climate change. However, there is still a distance to go in actually putting these two issues on equal footing.”

Yamide Dagnet of the WRI, while introducing the ACT2025, said the new body would promote negotiated outcomes at the UN climate summits (such as COP26 and COP27) that are clear, ambitious, equitable and balanced, while holding countries accountable for their climate commitments under the Paris Agreement.

The consortium would also enhance awareness and mobilise capacity on ways to pursue the implementation of the Paris Agreement and relevant Conference of Parties (COP) decisions as well as identify areas of convergence and facilitate negotiating breakthroughs.

Similarly, the group intends to strengthen existing coalitions, and empower new and emerging ones that gather progressive countries and stakeholders; promote a shared prosperity narrative and a vision for a collective future that is ultimately safer, flourishing, low-carbon and climate resilient.

Dagnet said the consortium would convene key stakeholders to identify and agree on how to design just and ambitious outcomes at these negotiations — particularly at COP26 and COP27 — that will rebuild trust, foster solidarity and drive greater climate action on the ground, saying “doing so will promote a prosperous, low-carbon and climate-resilient future for all.”

Other speakers include Mohamed Adow of PowerShift Africa who spoke on “State of Play of Global Climate Diplomacy”, Mark Byone of Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre who made a presentation on “Climate Action and COVID Recovery”, Maria Laura Rojas Vallejo of Transforma who deliberated on “Climate Finance and Debt Relief”, Saleemul Haq of International Centre for Climate Change and Development who explored issues related to “Loss and Damage”, and Tony La Vina of manila Observatory who soke on “Paris Agreement Rules and Architecture”.

Fatima Denton

Ekwueme Varsity teams up with other to organize a High-Level Dialogue on Promoting a Green and Resilient Recovery in Nigeria and the rest of West Africa

The Climate Change and Development Alex-Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike has joined forces with the Society for Planet and Prosperity (SPP) a Nigerian non-governmental organization devoted to advancing action to enhance environmentally sustainable economic growth in Africa and the European Climate Foundation (ECF) to convene a High-Level Dialogue on Promoting a Green and Resilient Recovery in Nigeria and the rest of West Africa”.  The event will bring together though-leaders including policy makers, parliamentarians, diplomats, and international development partner to discuss the multi-faceted impact of Covid-19 on Nigeria and the rest of West Africa and examples of green recovery-driven policies, practices and investments and how these will positively impact on socio-economic sustainability and resilient of sub-Saharan Africa.

The online event which is scheduled to hold on April 15th 2021 from 10:00am to 12 noon (Nigeria Time), will focus on articulating rational, priorities and polices for enhancing green and resilient COVID-19 recovery, build back better and deliver long term sustainable development in Nigeria and other African countries. Hurry now and register to be part of the event

The link to register for the event is https://bit.ly/3dgzpKz

The event will feature Chief Sharon Ikeazor, Hon. Minister of State for Environment, Federal Republic of Nigeria; Sean Melbourne, Head of Climate Change & Energy, West Africa, FCDO, UK, Nigeria; Hon. Sam Onuigbo, Fmr. Chairman House of Representative Committee on Climate Change; Esohe Odaro, Head, Investors Relations, International Financial Corporation; Dr. Fatima Denton – Director, United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa (UNU-INRA); Prof. Anthony Nyong – Director, Africa Regional Office, Global Center on Adaptation; and Dr. Amarakoon Bandara, Senior Economist, UNDP, Nigeria. Professor Chukwumerije Okereke, Director of the Centre for Climate Change AEFUNAI and President of the Society for Planet and Prosperity will moderate the event.

Covid-19 is an unprecedented event with socioeconomic consequences of immense proportion for Nigeria as well as other West African countries. While the number of cases and deaths linked to Covid-19 in the subregion remains below projected figures in March 2020, the pandemic has and continues to stretch regional and global health, financial and socio-economic resilience to their very limits. The pandemic has also triggered multiple impacts on the environment, exacerbated inequalities and food security, and upended Africa’s economic growth projections. The subregion is being faced with plummeted GDP and a sudden spike in inflation with a projected fall in international remittances and FDI.

Covid-19 could result in lower emissions but also to the reversal of efforts to achieve SDGs in West Africa. The current economic challenge could lead to slow progress in the development of the technologies and innovation needed to make long-term sustainable progress in tackling climate change and moving the economies along the green development paths. Some projections indicate up to 30 million jobs could be lost and about 28 to 49 million people could be pushed into extreme poverty.

At the same time, the situation presents opportunities for governments and other stakeholders to use the Covid-19 recovery efforts to shift their economies from a brown and unequal trajectory to a much greener and equitable path. It has been argued that that tackling climate change is not a needless inconvenience that should be set aside in the pursuit of the recovery of economic growth; but rather a necessity that needs to be tackled alongside, and indeed as part of the economic recovery plan. The concept of green recovery and building back better have gained some level of popularity in the last six months but there has been limited national and international discussion about what these concepts mean for Africa and the concrete recommendations on the kinds of system thinking, strategic planning and concrete actions required by key actors in Africa to steer the continent on the path of green resilient recovery.

The High-level dialogue is to discuss options, approaches, and concrete recommendations from the group’s project that can help facilitate green and resilient post Covid-19 recovery in African countries with a specific focus on Nigeria and the rest of West Africa. The dialogue promises to be a defining moment reviewing the opportunities and challenges facing the Africa continent and its people beyond post covid-19 era and the need to enhance ambitious mitigation and adaptation profile for a resilient continent.

It will provide a platform for exchange of views on the ideas, options and approaches that can help West African countries integrate climate change action as a central objective in the planning and implementation of their post Covid-19 economic recovery plans in support of UN Decades of Action and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Africa Unions’ Agenda 2063. In addition, it will facilitate the exchange of knowledge and experiences among global and regional leaders, thought leaders and experts on effective policies/approaches that can promote green recovery resilient post Covid-19 era to ensure that no one or sector is left behind in the effort being made by African countries to identify investment opportunities to create green jobs and steer the continent on the path of just green transition.

Gboyega OLORUNFEMI | Project Officer | Green and Resilient Post-Covid-19 Recovery, West Africa |

Society for Planet and Prosperity (SPP)

gaolorunfemi@gmail.com

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